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Sexual diversity, Critical Diversity and Social Justice

Ethnicity and social justice are a critical factor in the study and scholarly thinking about sexuality. In a critical look at the Canadian academy school system, one has to really understand these concepts to be able to talk about sexuality in these places of learning. For once, the academies are yet to fully embrace and factor in the presence of black students in these academies, the issue of sexual diversity in these minority groups becomes even more curious and therefore less likely to be accepted readily in the same context as the sexual diversity of the Euro-Asian counterparts.

Taking the ethnic background as a consideration for a discussion of sexual orientation cannot be fully explained if it is not paralleled with the known diversities such as religion. The writer points us towards the issue of African monotheism and especially the practice of islam which was suppressed due simply to the dislike by the colonial slave traders. The parallel drawn here is that if islam cannot be viewed as a black religion then there is a denial of the existence of any religion in the African/black people. This line of thought is thus what ails the society which denies that there are indeed queers and transgender people of black origin and that these people will always exist and can be found in the Canadian society as well, in fact, within the scholarly and academy system in the Canadian education system.

The main aspect of the writers thought is summarized by his coined phrase critical diversity. This is explained as the inclusiveness that encompasses and surpasses the shallow thinking of ethnic or racial diversity. It includes the inclusivity and tolerance in all manner of diversity. Critical diversity as the writer puts it goes beyond the study of sexuality in the general. It throws racial diversity within the sexuality debate into the mix, so that the potential interracial differences and attributes must also be studied to determine their unique aspects. Critical diversity therefore tends to bring into focus the minute details that may bring about discrimination even within the minority groups themselves. This critical diversity is what may truly lead us into social justice. The writer also points out that without this critical diversity then social justice would be but a pipe dream. The cross cutting nature of humanity demands that all factors that make as human be incorporated in our various spheres for us to truly blend and achieve social justice.

The study of sexuality has raised many new and complex feelings in populations worldwide. Just like the study of religion, there is no known divide as to where to start or stop in the debate about sexual inclusivity and diversity complexes in the society. The major concerns here ought to be geared towards tolerance and inclusivity in all manner of aspects in life.

Sexual orientation ought not to be left merely to the imagination but to the practicality of all the situations that abound. The use of resources must be both interactive and inclusive in order that social justice is seen to be done. The main culprit of social injustice other than social discrimination and normally an offshoot of such discrimination is mental health. This is why it is always imperative that aspects touching on social justice touch on mental health as well (Canadian mental health association). The psychiatric health in sexual diversity issues is a crucial aspect as this always comes to the fore due to the perceived societal norms. The strain caused by these perceived or set norms may lead to more aberrant psychiatric conditions especially in the LGBT groups.

Critical thinking when used properly may lead to the structured continual appliance of norms and ideas that will erase the effects of the lopsided traditional views. The provision of health services is a crucial humanity service. Because of the special needs of the LGBT group of individuals, this service is crucial and ways for provision of ultimate health must be inculcated into health care providers(Arnold and de Peuter).

LGBT health has been a prickly situation with studies showing the prevalence of certain transmissible diseases as being higher in this population than in the straight population. This has led to prejudice and branding of LGBT persons as pests in society. In fact such branding is what brings about the closet phenomenon(Walcott).

Social justice in the context of critical diversity will thus open up any organization in a way that will make it more progressively inclusive to all divergent views. Tolerance and acceptance must therefore be in the forefront of the thinking mind. It is often hard to express certain feelings against the norms of a society, yet it is prudent that these views come out. We should therefore embrace critical diversity in our quest to institute social justice.

There will therefore never be social justice if it is given deadlines, if it is viewed as a set of procedures that can be accomplished within a set time frame(Walcott). The difference between social justice within the critical diversity framework and the one without is the constant study, amalgamation and incorporation of ideas as they emerge, the discarding of inconsistent views and the embracing of the new in a way that makes an all inclusive society. Societal norms maybe inconsistent with new beliefs in the area of sexual diversity, the toleration of these does not in any way negate ones beliefs nor do they infringe on them. It is therefore important that all sectors of human association be taught the importance of social justice and critical diversity so that the world may have a more tolerant society. The ability to live in tolerance would in turn help to stabilize the world and make peace an almost reality.














Works cited

Arnold, Susanne, and Jennifer de Peuter. “Gender and Sexual Diversity.” 2007 : 1–79. Print.

Canadian mental health association. “Mental Health.” Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans people and mental health. 2014. Web. 7 Jan. 2014.

Walcott, Rinaldo. Beyond the Queer Alphabet. Ed. Malinda Smith & Fatima Jaffer. Alberta, 2012.



Disease Hemophilia Severe Combined Immune Deficiency

(ADA-SCID) or The Bubble Boy Disease.

Description Genetic disease that is characterized by inability of the patient to stimulate blood clotting process in cases of internal or external injuries. It is a genetic disorder that children born without an effective immune system.
Treatment using gene therapy. The disorder can be corrected by introduction of therapeutic gene into the lever of the patient. The therapeutic gene induces the patient to synthesis clotting factors and able to respond normally to both internal and external. ADA-SCID can be treated by bone marrow transfer. An ADA is inserted in the bone marrow cells of the patient. The genetically corrected are then transplanted back into patient’s body then the defective immune system is restored.


Similarities and differences of Somatic and Gene Line Therapy.

  Somatic Cell Therapy Gene line Therapy
  • It is purposed to eliminate the clinical consequences of the disease.
  • The inserted gene is not passed to the patient’s offspring.
  • Corrected gene is into the fertilized egg of an animal with disorder.
  • The gametes gain new gene thus transferred to the next generation.
  • It is important for insertion of a functional gene to correct a genetic disorder.
  • It is important for insertion of functional gene to correct a genetic disorder.





Exercising is a good habit and there is a certain type of exercise for everybody even for pregnant and lactating women. There is special care required in doing any physical activity during the period of pregnancy and lactation. The most important thing is to stay fit and active during that period. The right nutrition along with staying agile is the way to have a smooth pregnancy and lactation period (Amorim AR, Linne YM, Lourenco, 2008). There are many exercises which aid in pregnancy for the better development of the baby, changing shape and weight gain. The balanced nutrition along with some manageable and correct exercises also helps in coping with labor and getting back into shape after childbirth.

The normal level of physical activity during pregnancy is to hold a conversation well while exercising meaning one is not supposed to exhaust herself. There are some exercises for stomach and pelvic strengthening while normal walking, yoga and light aerobics are considered fine in pregnancy. Important factor is to avoid any strenuous exercise and do not start exercising just after getting pregnant (Amorim AR, Linne YM, Lourenco, 2008). The nutritional advice for a healthy pregnancy is to take in lots of fluids and water. A warm up is essential before the exercise and it’s also important to cool down after any sort of physical activity. There are pelvic tilt and pelvic floor exercises especially beneficial during pregnancy.

It is really important to keep up with the daily nutritional requirement of the body and consult the physician before making any changes in the exercising routine. A routine walk is known to have benefits for the pregnant women. This can start from 15 minutes a day and go up to 35 minutes per day. Exercise is known to be benefitting even after the pregnancy gets over and it is effective for lactating mothers as well. The main effect of exercise for a mother is to reduce stress levels, improve bone strength, assist in controlling weight and improve general well being and energy levels in the body. Lactating mothers need to have an increased supply of nutrients and exercising should be done to moderate things in the body.

There is a belief that lactic acid is increased in the milk of lactating mothers when they do maximal exercise but there are not much advantageous for the baby as well (Rich M, Currie J, McMahon C, 2004). Moderate exercise however, is good for lactating mothers as a way of getting fitter again. Some tips for lactating mothers are breastfeeding their babies before exercising and drinking lots of water. Exercising after having the child is known to improve heart health as well and is much helpful in dealing with the post natal depression. The exact balance is however, different for different woman and thus one should always notice signs from the body and take the physician’s advice. The general energy levels should be maintained by following proper nutritional diet.

Breastfeeding is a way of burning energy and a lot of energy is consumed in feeding the young one but balancing it with exercise can really help to attain a fitter body easily. It is always advised that moderate exercise during the lactation period is good for the physical and mental well being and it does not have any adverse affect on the milk production and the lactating baby (Rich M, Currie J, McMahon C, 2004). The most important aspect of pregnancy and lactating period for a woman is to maintain a balance between the physical exercise and nutritional requirements. Some breathing exercises are known to improve the oxygen supply to the baby during pregnancy. Lactating mothers should do moderate exercise to stay fit and energetic.


Rich M, Currie J, McMahon C, 2004, Physical exercise and the lactating woman: a qualitative pilot study of mothers’ perceptions and experiences, Vol 12, Issue 2, pg 7 – 11.

Amorim AR, Linne YM, Lourenco, 2008,  Diet or exercise or both for weight management and staying fit in pregnant women, Vol 4,  Issue 3, pg 181 – 184.

Brief a Case


Plaintiff (P) was a minor alien. He was the sole survivor of a tragedy at sea. He was rescued and placed under the custody of his great uncle who filed an asylum on his behalf. His father (Cuban) objected to the idea. The INS rejected the application as it was not legal. P appealed but the district court dismissed the case as his father was the only legal applicant for asylum. P appealed case dismissal as violation of the INA of 1996.

Procedural history

Appeal from the US District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Gonzalez v. Reno, 86 F. Supp. 2d 1167, 2000 US Dist. Fla. 2000


The issue here is whether a non-parent/custodial relative can file asylum application on behalf of a minor against his parent’s express wishes.


The right to apply for asylum for any person not physically present in the US can be done so in accordance with § 1158.


The vital legal question here is whether a minor has applied for asylum when a non-custodial relative does apply on his behalf but against the child’s parent(s).

It is worth noting that the statute is silent on such matters and Congress had left a gap in the statutory scheme. As such, it is up to the INS to fill the statute and not the work of the courts according to the law. This is because the authority to fill such a gap is left in the context of the immigration policy.


The case here is purely not between the child and his father but that of separation of powers; the limits of the judicial review of the exercise of executive decision and a statute enacted by Congress with a permissible scope of executive discretion. The INS was entitled to make policy decision as no preexisting law compelled any particular policy for P’s decision; that P’s father was the custodian and hence entitled to apply for P’s asylum. Policy did not contradict relevant statute and was not an abuse of discretion that resulted in rejection of asylum applications, was not arbitrary.

Judgment was affirmed